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Gingivitis in Children: Symptoms and Treatment

Gingivitis In Gums

Gingivitis affects up to 73 percent of children and adolescents between the ages of 6 and 11. It causes gum inflammation as a result of plaque that collects along the gumline, in the surrounding gum tissues (sulcus), and in the spaces between the teeth (gingival margin). Though gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease, which permanently damages the gums and supporting structures of the teeth, it is crucial to understand the symptoms, how to treat your child’s gingivitis, and when it’s time to visit your Childrens Dentistry Las Vegas.

Understanding the causes and risks

Certain lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of many risk factors. The following are some of the most common causes of gingivitis in children:


Gingivitis risk increases with age.

Personal or family history

A child with gingivitis has a higher risk of developing it too if both parents had it.

Bad Oral Hygiene

Gingivitis is caused by neglecting to brush and floss. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends brushing and flossing at least twice a day to prevent gum disease and tooth decay.


Dry Mouth

Dry mouth is caused by low saliva production and an excessive lack of saliva, which can cause cavities, plaque deposits, and gum disease.

Plaque Buildup

Long-term plaque buildup causes gingivitis to contain cavity-causing bacteria. The gums can become inflamed and irritated if they are left untreated.

Hormone Changes

Inflammation and sensitivity of the gums can result from changes in the body, more often in girls due to puberty and menstruation.


tobacco is the leading cause of gingivitis. A teenage who smokes is seven times more likely to develop this condition than a teenager who does not smoke.

Gingivitis In Children


Gingivitis can be caused by some medications that cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.


The continuous pressure of stress weakens one’s immune system, which in turn causes inflammation.
Poor Nutrition

It is difficult for the body to maintain normal growth, development, and repair of tissues due to poor nutrition and vitamin deficiencies. Vitamin deficiencies, for instance, make it difficult for the body to combat infections. It is also likely that plaque will build up in a child who consumes sugary foods and drinks frequently.

Symptoms and signs

A mild case of gingivitis may not cause any discomfort or noticeable symptoms.

Children and adolescents with gingivitis might show the following symptoms:

  • bleeding gums (erythema).
  • Blood between the gums while brushing or flossing.
  • Red or purple gums.
  • Gums that are inflamed or swollen (edema).
  • Soft, puffy, or tender gums that may be painful when touched.
  • Receding gums that reveal tooth roots.
  • Bad breath that persists even after brushing.

Gingivitis in Children – How to Treat It

Pediatric dentists are best suited to treating gingivitis in children. When the gums are irritated by plaque and tartar, such as crooked teeth, it may be difficult to remove them. Scaling is the process of removing plaque and tartar from your child’s teeth, which can be uncomfortable particularly if your child’s gums are very sensitive or if there has been a lot of tartar buildup. There may be a need for follow-up appointments and extra treatment.

Help your child care for his or her teeth by following these tips:

Brush your teeth once in the morning and once before going to bed with a soft toothbrush. Between ages 18 months and 6 years, use low-fluoride toothpaste; regular toothpaste afterward.
Floss your teeth every day.
Use an antiseptic mouthwash regularly.
Schedule regular dental appointments.

Professional Dental Care

The Kids Dentist Of Las Vegas treats gum disease seriously. To learn more about optimal oral care for your child and how to keep it that way, please contact us at 702-454-1008.

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